European Scientific Committee Urges Caution & Discusses Health Risks of Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants
On October 10, the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Emerging Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) issued its final opinion regarding the safety of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implants. The SCENIHR issued this opinion after the European Commission asked the committee to assess the safety of MoM hip implants.
In particular, the committee found that “[a]ll types of MoM hip arthroplasties release metals in terms of particles, ions and/or metallo-organic compounds. The deposition of these substances in body fluids and tissue may lead to local and/or systemic adverse health effects. MoM implants with large diameters show the highest incidence of local reactions.” Further, the committee found that large diameter hip implants have been associated with a high failure rate.
Overall, the committee concluded that the choice of hip implant should be decided on a case-by-case basis considering the risks and benefits related to each patient. In addition, the committee concluded that further research is needed, including appropriate toxicological studies using comparable routes of exposure to humans.
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